Part 1/5: Learn HSK 1 vocabulary and sentences

Updated: May 18, 2020

Hello fellow Chinese students!


If you are just starting off on your Chinese language learning journey, one of the key things to start building is your fountain of vocabulary as this will aid you in building sentences to have those conversations that you want.


There are 150 Chinese words for you to learn to pass the first level of the HSK 1 exams. We'll cover part 1 of these today and go through the word and sentence with you so you know how to use it!



Places


1. 家 Jiā Home

你在家吗? Nǐ zàijiā ma? Are you at home?


2. 学校 xuéxiào School

这间学校很有名。 Zhè jiān xuéxiào hěn yǒumíng. This school is very popular.


3. 饭馆 fànguǎn Restaurant

附近有饭馆吗? Fùjìn yǒu fànguǎn ma? Is there a restaurant nearby?


4.商店 shāngdiàn Shop

那一家商店在中国很有名。 Nà yījiā shāngdiàn zài zhōngguó hěn yǒumíng. That shop is very well-known in China.

5. 医院 yīyuàn Hospital

医院在哪里? Yīyuàn zài nǎlǐ? Where is the hospital?


6. 火车站 huǒchē zhàn Train Station

请去火车站。 Qǐng qù huǒchē zhàn. Please go to the train station.


7. 中国 zhōngguó China

我明年会去中国。 Wǒ míngnián huì qù zhōngguó. I will go to China tomorrow.


8. 北京 běijīng Beijing

北京是中国的首都。 Běijīng shì zhōngguó de shǒudū. Beijing is the capital of China.


Prepositions


9. 上 shàng Up

我住在楼上。 Wǒ zhù zài lóu shàng. I live upstairs.


10. 下 xià Down

你下来吧。 Nǐ xiàlái ba. Come down.


11. 前面 qiánmiàn Front

火车站在医院的前面。 Huǒchē zhàn zài yīyuàn de qiánmiàn. The train is front of the hospital.


12. 后面 hòumiàn Behind

商店在火车站的后面。 Shāngdiàn zài huǒchē zhàn de hòumiàn. The shop is behind the train station.


13. 里 lǐ Inside

你在里面吗? Nǐ zài lǐmiàn ma? Are you inside?


Time / Date


14. 今天 jīntiān Today

今天是我的生日。 Jīntiān shì wǒ de shēngrì. Today is my birthday.


15. 明天 míngtiān Tomorrow

我明天去中国。 Wǒ míngtiān qù zhōngguó. I will go to China tomorrow.


16. 上午 shàngwǔ Morning

我上午要上课。 Wǒ shàngwǔ yào shàngkè. I have to go to class in the morning.


17. 中午 zhōngwǔ Noon

我们中午去哪里吃饭? Wǒmen zhōngwǔ qù nǎlǐ chīfàn? Where should we go eat at noon?


18. 下午 xiàwǔ Afternoon

我下午要去健身房。 Wǒ xiàwǔ yào qù jiànshēnfáng. I have to go to the gym in the afternoon.


19. 年 nián Year

我每年都会去中国玩。 Wǒ měinián dūhuì qù zhōngguó wán. I travel to China every year.


20. 月 yuè Month

我这个月去北京出差。 Wǒ zhège yuè qù běijīng chūchāi. I will go to Beijing for business this month.


21. 日 rì Day

我们今天一起去看日落吧。 Wǒmen jīntiān yīqǐ qù kàn rìluò ba. Let's go watch the sunset together.


22. 星期 xīngqí Week

我这个星期很忙。 Wǒ zhège xīngqí hěn máng. I am very busy this week.


23. 点 diǎn Point

你几点会到? Nǐ jǐ diǎn huì dào? What time will you arrive?


24. 分钟 fēnzhōng Minute

我五点三十分钟才下班。 Wǒ wǔ diǎn sānshí fēnzhōng cái xiàbān. I get off at work at 5.30pm.


25. 现在 xiànzài Now

你现在在哪里? Nǐ xiànzài zài nǎlǐ? Where are you now?


26. 时候 shíhòu Time

我有时候会很想你。 Wǒ yǒu shíhòu huì hěn xiǎng nǐ. I really miss you sometimes.


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