Today’s word of the day is 山 (shān) which means ‘mountain’. Let’s practice making different words, phrases, and sentences with 山 (shān).
火山 (huǒ shān) Volcano
The first word is 火山 (huǒ shān) which means ‘volcano’. Let’s look at each character of this word, 火 means fire and 山 means mountain. So it literally means ‘fire mountain’. A way of using it in a sentence is 火山爆发是一种自然现象。(Huǒshān bàofā shì yī zhǒng zìrán xiànxiàng.) Volcanic eruptions are a natural phenomenon.
山顶 (shān dǐng) Mountain peak
Another word we can create with 山 (shān) is 山顶 (shān dǐng). This means mountain peak. Let’s again look at each character of this word, 山 means mountain, and 顶 means top of. A way of using it in a sentence is 他们终于到达了山顶。(Tāmen zhōngyú dàodále shāndǐng.) They finally arrived at the mountain peak.
山羊 (shān yáng) Goat
Finally, we can create the word 山羊 (shān yáng) which means ‘goat’. The 羊 here means sheep, so it literally means ‘mountain sheep’. A way of using it in a sentence is 动物园里有山羊吗? (Dòngwùyuán li yǒu shānyáng ma?) Are there goats in the zoo?